In this joint article between our Joint Managing Director, Mr Mark Lee and Ms Melissa Lee, Director of Sales, Manulife Financial Advisers, we explore both the legal underpinnings of a shareholders agreement and some possible practical options available to parties to apportion their rights and
Section 216 of the Companies Act (Cap 50) provides an avenue for a minority shareholder who has been “suffering” at the hands of the controlling majority to seek redress. Such specific remedies available to a “suffering” minority shareholder are listed at Section 216(2) of the Act, including; to
In this article, our Joint Managing Director Mr Mark Lee looks into the Court of Appeal’s judgment in Liew Kit Fah v Koh Keng Chew  1 SLR 275, s216(2) of the Companies Act and the issue of applying discounts for "lack of control" and "lack of marketability" when conducting a share valuation.
In this article, we seek to provide a roadmap of the various corporate rescue mechanisms available to companies facing financial distress in Singapore.
A guide to commencing Court proceedings and filing of pleadings (Statement of Claim, Defence and Reply)
What can one do when he/she suffers a loss as a result of the negligent act/omission of another? In this article, we examine the intricacies of the tort of negligence in Singapore.
Arguably, the biggest advantage of incorporating a company is the concept of “limited liability”. The principle of the separate legal personality, however, is not immune from abuse. In this article, we seek to highlight the exceptional circumstances where the Court may ignore the separate legal
This is a case note on the Court of Appeal decision in Ho Yew Kong v Sakae Holdings Ltd  SGCA 33 dealing with issues in relation to shareholder minority oppression claims (Section 216, Companies Act (Cap. 50))
What can shareholders do when they feel that the company ought to enforce certain corporate rights but its directors refuse to do so. Are shareholders helpless in the face of a "rogue" Board of Directors?
A guide on what constitutes a Letter of Demand, how it should be prepared and how to respond to the same.
In this article, we look at the criminal offence of Section 323 of the Penal Code (Cap. 224) - Voluntarily Causing Hurt.
Pending the conclusion of the dispute at trial, one party may be unfairly subject to suffer continued losses / damages if the other party is allowed to persist in committing a certain act or is not refrained from doing so. In this article, we explore various avenues open to parties of a Court
In this article, we explore the various circumstances and avenues available to parties of a Court proceeding to end / conclude / resolve the matter without having to go to trial.
In this article, we explore the ambit of a director's right (at law) to inspect / access the company's documents and records. We also briefly examine how such a right may differ because of the different roles played by a shareholders and directors of a company.
Section 391 of the Companies Act (Cap 50) (“the Act”); which provides the Court a power to relieve directors from the consequences of their negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust. In this article, we seek to provide a brief snapshot of the ambit of such a power of the Court.
When can one commence a claim for defamation? How does one avoid being sued or liable for defamation? This article explores the balance that the law seeks to find between the right to freedom of speech and the right to protect one's reputation.
How does the law mitigate the risk of an errant director mismanaging the company. In this article, we explore the various duties and obligations imposed upon a director by statute and under general law.
Whilst shareholders “own” the company, the directors “manage” and run the company’s day-to-day to operations. In this article, we explore the rights and liabilities of a shareholder.
After being formally charged in Court, an accused has two (2) options; (a) to plead guilty or (b) to claim trial. What are the implications of choosing one option over the other? What should one expect during a criminal trial?
It is not difficult to incorporate a company in Singapore but not everyone may be aware of the legal implications / effects of such incorporation. This article seeks to provide a brief snapshot of the incorporation process and its legal effects.
What should you do when someone owes you money but refuses to pay up? In this article, we seek to provide a roadmap of the debt recovery process to hopefully help guide you (i.e. the creditor) through your own debt recovery journey.
A guide on such avenues available to a "winning" party to enforce his / her rights against a "losing" party.
A guide on what to do after being charged, leading up to negotiations with the prosecution and the Plead Guilty Hearing.